• RCEP: Victory for an open region

RCEP: Intsinzi mukarere gafunguye

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Nyuma yimyaka irindwi imishyikirano ya marato, amasezerano yubufatanye bwubukungu bw’akarere, cyangwa RCEP - mega FTA ikikije imigabane ibiri - yatangijwe ku ya 1 Mutarama. Irimo ubukungu 15, abaturage bagera kuri miliyari 3,5 na GDP ingana na tiriyari 23 z'amadolari. .Ifite 32.2 ku ijana by'ubukungu bw'isi, 29.1 ku ijana by'ubucuruzi rusange ku isi na 32.5 ku ijana by'ishoramari ku isi.

Kubijyanye nubucuruzi bwibicuruzwa, kugabanyirizwa ibiciro byemerera kugabanya cyane inzitizi zamahoro hagati yimpande za RCEP.Hamwe n’amasezerano ya RCEP atangiye gukurikizwa, akarere kazagera ku nyungu z’imisoro ku bucuruzi bw’ibicuruzwa mu buryo butandukanye, harimo kugabanya ako kanya ibiciro bya zeru, kugabanya ibiciro by’inzibacyuho, kugabanya ibiciro by’ibicuruzwa n’ibicuruzwa bidasanzwe.Amaherezo, ibice birenga 90 ku ijana byubucuruzi bwibicuruzwa bitwikiriye bizagera ku giciro cya zeru.

By'umwihariko, ishyirwa mu bikorwa ry'amategeko agenga inkomoko, kimwe mu biranga RCEP, bivuze ko igihe cyose ibipimo ngenderwaho byujujwe nyuma yo guhindura ibiciro byemewe byemewe, bishobora kwegeranywa, bikazakomeza gushimangira urunigi rw'inganda. n'uruhererekane rw'agaciro mu karere ka Aziya-Pasifika no kwihutisha ubufatanye aho.

Kubijyanye nubucuruzi muri serivisi, RCEP yerekana ingamba zo gufungura buhoro buhoro.Uburyo bubi bwurutonde bwakoreshejwe mubuyapani, Koreya, Ositaraliya, Indoneziya, Maleziya, Singapore na Brunei, mugihe abanyamuryango umunani basigaye, harimo nu Bushinwa, bafashe ingamba nziza kandi biyemeje kwimukira kurutonde rutari ruto mu myaka itandatu.Byongeye kandi, RCEP ikubiyemo imari n’itumanaho nkibice byo kurushaho kwishyira ukizana, biteza imbere cyane gukorera mu mucyo no kubahiriza amabwiriza hagati y’abanyamuryango kandi biganisha ku gukomeza kunoza inzego mu bukungu mu karere ka Aziya-Pasifika.

Ubushinwa bugomba kugira uruhare rugaragara mukarere kafunguye.Nibwo bwa mbere rwose FTA yo mukarere abanyamuryango barimo Ubushinwa kandi, tubikesha RCEP, biteganijwe ko ubucuruzi nabafatanyabikorwa ba FTA buziyongera kuva kuri 27% bikagera kuri 35%.Ubushinwa nimwe mubagenerwabikorwa ba RCEP, ariko imisanzu nayo izagira akamaro.RCEP izafasha Ubushinwa kurekura isoko ryayo rya mega, kandi ingaruka zizamuka ryubukungu bwazo zizagerwaho byuzuye.

Ku bijyanye n’ibisabwa ku isi, Ubushinwa bugenda buhinduka imwe mu masoko atatu.Mu minsi ya mbere, Amerika n'Ubudage ni byo byonyine byavugaga ko ari byo, ariko hamwe no kwagura isoko rusange ry’Ubushinwa, ryigaragaje cyane hagati y’ibihugu bikenerwa muri Aziya ndetse n’ibintu ku isi.

Mu myaka yashize, Ubushinwa bwashatse kongera guhuza iterambere ry’ubukungu, bivuze ko mu gihe buzakomeza kwagura ibyoherezwa mu mahanga nabwo buzagura ibikorwa byinjira mu mahanga.Ubushinwa n’umufatanyabikorwa munini w’ubucuruzi n’isoko ry’ibicuruzwa biva muri ASEAN, Ubuyapani, Koreya yepfo, Ositaraliya na Nouvelle-Zélande.Muri 2020, Ubushinwa butumiza mu banyamuryango ba RCEP bwageze kuri miliyari 777.9 z'amadolari, burenga ibyo bohereje mu mahanga angana na miliyari 700.7 z'amadolari, hafi kimwe cya kane cy’ibicuruzwa byatumijwe mu Bushinwa mu mwaka.Imibare ya gasutamo yerekana ko mu mezi 11 yambere yuyu mwaka, Ubushinwa butumiza no kohereza mu bandi banyamuryango 14 ba RCEP bwarengeje tiriyoni 10.96, bingana na 31% by’agaciro k’ubucuruzi bw’amahanga mu gihe kimwe.

Mu mwaka wa mbere nyuma y’amasezerano ya RCEP atangiye gukurikizwa, impuzandengo y’ibicuruzwa bitumizwa mu Bushinwa ku gipimo cya 9.8 ku ijana bizagabanuka, mu bihugu bya ASEAN (3,2%), Koreya yepfo (6.2%), Ubuyapani (7.2%), Ositaraliya (3,3%) ) na Nouvelle-Zélande (3,3 ku ijana).

Muri byo, gahunda yo kugabanya ibiciro by’ibihugu byombi hamwe n’Ubuyapani biragaragara.Ku nshuro ya mbere, Ubushinwa n’Ubuyapani byageze ku masezerano y’ibiciro by’ibiciro byombi aho impande zombi zigabanya cyane imisoro mu bice byinshi, birimo imashini n’ibikoresho, amakuru ya elegitoroniki, imiti, inganda zoroheje n’imyenda.Kugeza ubu, 8 ku ijana gusa by’ibicuruzwa by’inganda by’Ubuyapani byoherezwa mu Bushinwa ni byo byemewe ku giciro cya zeru.Mu masezerano ya RCEP, Ubushinwa buzasonera hafi 86 ku ijana by’ibicuruzwa byakozwe n’inganda mu Buyapani ku bicuruzwa bitumizwa mu mahanga mu byiciro, cyane cyane birimo imiti, ibicuruzwa byiza, ibyuma, ibice bya moteri n’ibice by’imodoka.

Muri rusange, RCEP yazamuye umurongo ugereranije na FTA zabanje mu karere ka Aziya, kandi urwego rwo gufungura munsi ya RCEP ruri hejuru cyane ya 10 + 1 FTA.Byongeye kandi, RCEP izafasha gushyiraho amategeko ahoraho ku isoko ugereranije, ntabwo ari muburyo bworoshye bwo kubona isoko no kugabanya inzitizi zitari iz'amahoro ahubwo no muburyo rusange bwa gasutamo no korohereza ubucuruzi, bikarenga ibya WTO. Amasezerano yo korohereza ubucuruzi.

Ariko, RCEP iracyakeneye gukora uburyo bwo kuzamura ibipimo byayo kurwego rwibisekuruza byubucuruzi bwisi yose.Ugereranije na CPTPP hamwe nuburyo bwiganje mu mategeko mashya y’ubucuruzi ku isi, RCEP yibanda cyane ku kugabanya imisoro no kugabanya inzitizi z’amahoro, aho kwibanda ku bibazo bigaragara nko kurengera umutungo bwite mu by'ubwenge.Kubera iyo mpamvu, kugira ngo ubufatanye bw’ubukungu bw’akarere bugere ku rwego rwo hejuru, RCEP igomba kugirana ibiganiro byongerewe ibibazo ku bibazo bigaragara nko gutanga amasoko ya leta, kurengera umutungo bwite mu by'ubwenge, kutabogama kw'ipiganwa ndetse na e-ubucuruzi.

Umwanditsi ni Umufatanyabikorwa Mukuru mu Bushinwa mu Kungurana Ubukungu Mpuzamahanga.

Ingingo yasohotse bwa mbere kuri chinausfocus ku ya 24 Mutarama 2022.

Ibitekerezo ntabwo byanze bikunze byerekana ibya sosiyete yacu.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Werurwe-04-2022